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Funding and conflict of interest

Delta Research & Development research is funded by private investors and proceeds from international patents. This extremely burdensome economic choice has enabled the creation of a completely non profit work, consistent with the social goals of Delta Research & Development scientific research.

Conflict of interest in the scientific field

Conflict of interest in the scientific field is a normal feature. In order to exist research needs a sponsor and therefore undergoes pressure from competition and companies that want to conquer and retain market positions. Conflict of interest might also exist due to simple prestige or scientific domain purposes, such as defense from more advanced competitive researches.

Within this conflict of interest (substantially physiological) framework, which potentially involves every sector of the scientific community, the solution is almost always delegated and confined merely to individual ethics, coupled with compliance to some general transparency rules. The most common conflict of interest specifically pertains to:

Basic research

Patents or other forms of intellectual property.Patents being essential for research survival.

University or other research facilities

Patents, sponsored clinical studies, funding. Also in this case lack of economic resources prevents research development.

Scientific paper reviewer

Only the editor can control this specific conflict of interest, since the reviewer is always anonymous to the public. The reviewer has a strong power to decide, and in this case the potential conflict of interest is even more delicate. The reviewer is an expert in the field and thus normally provides professional advice or might be sponsored by companies that can feel threatened by the content of the article under review. If this were the case the reviewer’s decision could be biased. The reviewer could also be the author of a research on the same topic and defend personal interests. Obviously, however quality scientific journals are well aware of the issue that has been strongly debated in the scientific community and know how to choose reviewers according to the content of the paper under review.


In a nutshell, regardless of what individuals want, there don’t seem to be adequate “environmental” conditions for progress in research and truly unbiased assessments. Therefore conflict of interest must always be explicitly disclosed for a transparent outcome.

Conflict of interest in Delta Research & Development

Delta Research & Development basic research author, Professor Giuseppe Marineo, is the patent owner of technologies application, a physiological event for any successful scientific research. Apart from this, the author has no other conflict of interest. Parts of the economic return on patents are redistributed to financiers who enabled the initial research development. The other proceeds are reinvested in new development activities, and social goals.

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